What are the Causes of Strabismus?
The problematic pregnancy period of the child in the mother’s womb, the problematic birth, the development of the child, the diseases he/she has had can cause strabismus. Genetic predisposition for strabismus is also seen as an important factor. If there is a family history of strabismus, the probability of strabismus increases in children. The treatment of strabismus differs from person to person as it is caused by many reasons. Strabismus is an eye problem that can be treated at any age.
Symptoms of Strabismus
- If the following situations are encountered, a doctor should be consulted immediately:
- squinting one eye in bright light
- Turning the face or head in one direction
- Eyes not moving synchronously
- Imbalance in walking
- The red reflex in the eyes in the photos turns yellow
What are the treatment methods of strabismus?
If the patient has laziness in the eye, occlusion treatment can be applied.
Treatment with Glasses
In some strabismus disorders, refractive error is seen. Glasses are sufficient for such strabismus.
Physical therapy of eye muscles is called Orthoptic treatments. It is applied to exercise the eye muscles and to strengthen the ability to see with both eyes. Strengthening the ability to see with both eyes fixes or adds a sense of depth
If the slips are congenital, they usually do not require glasses and require surgery in the early period (6 months – 1 year). The vast majority of Eye Strains occurs around the age of 2-3 years and can usually be completely corrected with glasses. Surgical treatment is required for slippage that does not improve when glasses are worn. Strabismus surgeries are mostly performed under general anesthesia. Anesthesia is performed by physicians specialized in pediatric anesthesia.
Botulinum Toxin (BOTOX) can also be applied in some of the strabismus problems. Botox is effective and can be used therapeutically in patients with strabismus caused by paralysis, in patients who have undergone surgery but not fully recovered, and in patients with a shift in the eye due to goiter disease.