What is Retinal Tear and Retinal Detachment?
The retina is the tissue at the back of our eye that detects light. The retina consists entirely of nerve cells. Retinal detachment is the separation of the intact retinal layer from the inner surface of the eyeball to which it is attached. Before detachment (detachment, detachment), which is a serious eye disease, tears occur in the retina and this situation is called retinal tear. If retinal tears are not repaired, the problem may spread to the entire retina and vision may decrease. If the tears are intervened in a timely manner, the disease can be prevented without detachment of the retinal layer. If retinal detachment is not treated, it can cause permanent vision loss. In case of “detachment”, retinal surgery is performed under emergency conditions.
Retinal Detachment and Retinal Detachment Diagnostic Methods
Eye drops that enlarge your pupils are dropped by your doctor and a special tool is used to examine the retina, so that separation or tear is detected. In retinal diseases, the examination can be done easily, since the inside of the eye can be completely observed through the gap formed by the pupil. Eye tomography and eye angiography methods are also used in the diagnosis. Eye tomography (OCT tomography) examines the structure of the retina and scans the visual nerves. Angio shows the structure of the eye vessels.
Retinal Detachment and Retinal Tear Treatment Methods
Depending on the extent of the damage, the treatment method to be applied on the retina is determined. Retinal operations are performed under general or local anesthesia in operating room conditions. The treatment of retinal detachment is definitely done with surgical methods. The gel forming the retinal tissue is placed back in place. For this, ninety percent of patients undergo vitrectomy surgery. Depending on the condition of the detachment, it can give gas into the eye. If there is only a tear, the tear in the retina is treated by laser suturing.
It is used to repair large tears in the retina.
The tears in the retina are stitched with an argon laser by retinal specialists. Microsurgery method is used in patients and the operated patients are discharged one day later.
Pneumatic Retinopexy (Intraocular Gas Injection)
In eyes with retinal detachment in the early period, gas is injected into the eye and the patient is rested in a suitable position, allowing the retina to settle into its place. Afterwards, Argon laser treatment is applied.
Scleral (External) Collapse Method
It is a surgical technique applied externally to the eye. Depending on the condition of the eyes, it can also be performed in addition to vitrectomy surgery. commemorates.
After Retinal Detachment Surgery
In some cases, after the gas or silicone oil is applied to the patient’s eye, it may be necessary for the patient to lie / sit in the prone position for the period specified by the surgeon (it can vary from 1 day to 2 weeks). As after cataract surgery, the patient uses drops gradually for a month. In the first week after the operation, special attention should be paid to prevent the eye from getting infected. It is very important not to be in very crowded places, dusty, dirty environments, not to touch or rub the eye, and to keep the eye clean.